Difference Between IVF and Test Tube Baby?

There is confusion between couples about the differences between IVF and a test tube baby when they go to the doctor for consultation. explained below in a simple way.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) and test tube baby are often used interchangeably, and yes, there is no difference between them. For example, the word “in vitro” means “glass” in Latin. This glass represents a test tube. Hence, “test-tube baby” refers to IVF.

What is a Test Tube Baby?

When IVF is used to conceive a child, it is also called a “test-tube baby.” This is a medical procedure in which an egg is fertilized by sperm in a laboratory dish outside the body.


First Test Tube Baby

At Oldham and District General Hospital, Louise Joy Brown was born on July 25, 1978, the first baby conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Test Tube Baby Process

A test tube baby is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside of the body, in a laboratory dish. Here is a general overview of the steps involved in the IVF process:

  • Ovarian stimulation: Women are given medication to stimulate ovulation. These eggs are collected for fertilization after they have developed.
  • Egg retrieval: The eggs are collected from the woman’s ovaries using a procedure called transvaginal ultrasound aspiration.
  • Sperm collection: The man provides a sperm sample, which is prepared for fertilization.
  • Fertilization: The eggs and sperm are mixed together in a petri dish, and fertilisation occurs. The resulting embryos are incubated for a few days.
  • Embryo transfer: Three to five days after fertilization, one or more embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus using a thin tube inserted through the cervix.
  • Pregnancy test: About 2 weeks after the embryo transfer, the woman takes a pregnancy test to determine whether or not the IVF has been successful.

IVF is a complex process that requires close monitoring and medical intervention. When couples cannot conceive through other fertility treatments or have medical conditions that make pregnancy difficult or impossible, this procedure is usually recommended.


  • Multiple pregnancies: When more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus to increase the chance of a successful pregnancy, there is an increased risk of multiple births.
  • Miscarriage
  • Bleeding
  • Birth defects
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • OHSS: There are some patients who may develop Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS), which causes the abdomen and chest to fill with excess fluid
  • Cancer: Women over 30 who have had more than four IVF treatments are significantly more likely to develop breast cancer, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, or ovarian cancer. A doctor can provide you with more information about this, but it depends on a number of factors.

Who Needs Test Tube Baby Treatment?

IVF is the most advanced form of fertility treatment, so it is suggested for those couples who cannot conceive naturally or with other fertility treatments. Such as:

  • Endometriosis
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Women with bilateral tubal ligation
  • Women who have had 3 unsuccessful cycles of other infertility treatments
  • Having a genetic disease risk
  • Age-related infertility

Also, know who should not undergo test tube baby treatment

  • Serious health complications in women
  • Patients with acute infectious diseases who are untreated
  • Infected women with untreated reproductive tract infections

Test Tube Baby Success Rate

Several factors contribute to the success rate of test tubes, including sperm quality, fertilization rate, patient’s history, age, embryo quality, frequency of embryo transfers, and endometrial thickness.

Average Success Rate by Age


Success Rate

Women Under 30


Women Under 35 to 37


Women Under 38 to 39


Women Under 40 to 45


Women Over 45


Test Tube Baby Cost

For a single cycle, the average cost of a test-tube baby is $8,000 to $17,000. The cost can vary depending on the woman’s age, the cause of her infertility, the clinic, the doctor’s experience, and the location of the treatment. The cost of a test-tube baby can be covered by some insurance plans, although coverage can vary depending on the insurer and the specific policy. Check with your insurance provider to find out what is covered.

Test Tube Baby Cost in Major Countries




More than $12,000


£1,500 and £5,000


Rs. 75,000 to  Rs. 2,50,000


2500 – 3500 USD


6000 – 8000 USD


3000 – 8000 USD


€2,300 – €2,900


$8,800 to about $10,600

Is Ivf Safe?

In general, IVF is a very safe process; there is a very small risk associated with the process. It is common for individuals taking IVF shots to experience some redness or soreness at the injection site and sometimes to experience some fluid rotation, which is uncommon in less than 5% of individuals. Some people experience bleeding, but it stops on its own and there’s no further intervention needed.

Is Test Tube Baby Healthy?

Yes, test tube babies are healthy. These children are strong, like normal children, whether physically or mentally. There is also a possibility that they may have low birth weight, which is associated with obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes in later life, but it is very rare.

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