What is Gynecologist – Gynecological Tests and Procedures

Women often need to visit gynecologists. Many such fertility problems need to be treated early so that any significant complications can be avoided. It is better that you see a gynaecologist with an open mind so that the doctor can understand your problem early.

Gynecologist Meaning

A gynecologist (Gynec/Gynaecologist) is a gynecologist. Gynecology is the branch that covers the special diseases related to women only, i.e., diseases related to their special structures and organs and their medical subjects.

Who is a gynecologist? Who is the gynecologist?

A gynaecologist is a person who is trained in and an expert in the female reproductive system. With a certified medical qualification, she can be distinguished as a gynecologist. Areas of women’s health include pregnancy, childbirth, lower abdominal pain, urinary infections, menstrual problems, sexual health, sexually transmitted diseases, and gynaecological malignancies. A gynaecologist is an expert in these fields, and you will find solutions to all your problems from a gynecologist.

What does a gynaecologist do?

A gynaecologist is a specialist in the reproductive system of women, and they diagnose any problems related to reproductive health. They conduct and manage surgical procedures and medical issues that affect the urinary system and female reproductive system.

Gynaecological problems

Common gynaecological issues include genital tract or vaginal infection, ovarian cyst, pelvic pain, vulva and vaginal skin disorder, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).PECOS), uterine fibroids, abnormal hair distribution, and acne in women. A gynaecological problem involving heavy bleeding, irregularity, and menstrual pain and menstrual disorders associated with premenstrual syndrome

When should you see your gynecologist?

Women suffering from acute gynaecological problems are expected to visit a gynecologist. Couples sometimes need to consult an expert during family planning. Procedures such as Implanon insertion, assuring sterilization, and lastly, requiring multiple visits to the gynaecologist for permanent and temporary contraception

Pelvic floor disorders such as pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, frequent urinary tract infections, and knowledge of urodynamic testing also call for specialist help. Problems related to infertility, hormonal treatment during menopause and bleeding after menopause, and the diagnosis of gynaecological cancer also demand the attention of a gynecologist.

Standard Gynecological Tests and Procedures

Sometimes people with or without symptoms may require standard tests as advised by the gynaecologist for diagnosis. Such tests and procedures include:

  • To detect cervical cancer, a lower abdomen exam, a cervical smear, or cytology tests like Papanicolaou are done.
  • Mammography is done to detect breast cancer.

The diagnosis of cervical cancer requires screening, such as:

  • Papanicolaou: Cells from the cervix are examined under a microscope to determine whether the cell is cancerous or abnormal. treatment is necessary or not.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) test: HPV is a type of virus that can cause cervical cancer. A sample of the cervix is examined to detect the presence of the HPV virus.

Biopsy: A procedure in which a small tissue sample from the vulva, vagina, lining of the uterus, or cervix is examined under a microscope. It is recommended in situations when:

  • Some area in the genital tract looks abnormal, and the doctor takes a sample of it. This is known as colposcopy.
  • The doctor cannot find anything abnormal in the vulva during a physical examination, or vulva cancer is suspected; a biopsy of the vulva is started.
  • There is abnormal bleeding from the uterus, uterine cancer is suspected, and it is necessary to examine the lining of the uterus.

What to expect during your checkup

The doctor may use an instrument called a speculum to examine the vagina and cervix. A small brush may be used to collect a sample from the vagina during a Pap test. The doctor may also examine the vagina by inserting two lubricated fingers inside the vagina and cervix. Questions related to sexual activity on medical grounds are expected to be asked.

What Services Do Gynecologists Provide?

Gynecologists are trained physicians who deal with a number of women’s sexual health issues. They provide services such as:

  • Hysterectomy
  • Cesarean childbirth
  • Instrumental deliveries during childbirth
  • Surgery of ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids
  • Surgery to repair pelvic organ injuries
  • Tests for sexually transmitted diseases
  • Mammograms and breast cancer screenings
  • Diagnosis of urinary tract infection and problems related to urinary issues
  • Infertility counselling and treatment

Medical Conditions Treated by Gynecologists

  • Menorrhagia is excessive menstrual bleeding where more than 80 mL of blood is lost in one cycle or the bleeding phase lasts more than seven days.
  • Metrorrhagia: abnormal or irregular menstrual cycles
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome: multiple ovarian cysts that interfere with menstruation and fertility
  • Dysmenorrhoea: painful menstruation
  • Hirsutism is the presence of a male-like pattern of hair growth in females. For example, the presence of abnormal facial and chest hair growth
  • Virilization: A low voice and a muscular body like those of males are present in females.
  • Fibroids: uterine lump
  • Ovarian tumor
  • Uterine prolapse: download “Uterine descent due to loss of uterine support.”
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

Education required to become a gynaecologist

Gynecologists are physicians who have completed specialized training in the female reproductive system. A gynecologist, like any other medical doctor, must first complete medical school, followed by a residency.

  • MBBS

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery It is a full 6-year course that includes a 1-year internship. To take admission in this course, you have to pass 12th Science and Bio with at least 50% marks.

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics,

Postgraduate Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics: It is a two-year course. To take admitted to this course, you must have an MBBS degree.

  • Master of Surgery (MS) in Gynecology:

Master of Surgery (M.S.) in Gynecology: This is also a two-year course. To take admitted to this course, you must also have an MBBS degree.

  • Diplomate of Medicine (DNB) in Gynecology:

Diplomate of Medicine (DNB) in Gynecology: It is a three-year course. To take admission in this course, you must have an MBBS degree.

  • Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Gynecology:

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) in Gynecology: It is a three-year course. To take admission in this course, you must have an MBBS degree.


Sometimes, irregular periods can be caused by certain medications, exercising too much, being too low or overweight, or not eating enough calories. Hormone imbalance can also cause irregular periods.

If your pregnancy is healthy, it is usually safe to travel. But talk to your health care provider before planning any travel.

Insurance policies that provide coverage for gynaecological treatments can help you cover the expenses incurred. Some conditions related to gynaecological disorders are covered by the policy. However, you should discuss this with your gynaecologist at least once.

Bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of bacteria usually present in the vagina. This is a common vaginal condition that can cause vaginal odor. Trichomonas, a sexually transmitted infection, can also cause vaginal odor. A yeast infection does not usually cause a vaginal odor.

It is completely healthy to have sex during menstruation.

Yes, acne can occur in the pubic area (vulva and labia). It is also known as vaginal acne. You may be surprised to find a pimple in this area. But there is nothing to worry about.

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