Malaria is mainly caused by the Anopheles mosquito. The female Anopheles mosquito is responsible for spreading the malaria parasite (Plasmodium) to humans. When an infected mosquito bites a person, it transmits malaria parasites into their bloodstream, triggering an infection.
It is important to note that not all mosquitoes can spread malaria. Malaria transmission occurs in specific areas where Anopheles mosquitoes carrying the parasite are prevalent.
The species of Anopheles mosquitoes that carry malaria can vary depending on the geographical location. Different species of Anopheles mosquitoes are found in different parts of the world, and they may have different abilities to spread malaria.
Malaria Mosquito Bite Time
Malaria mosquitoes (Anopheles mosquitoes) are particularly active at night in a fairly known way. Therefore, most malaria mosquitoes tend to bite at night, when people sleep. This is mainly true for Vivax malaria and Falciparum malaria.
Therefore, if you are living in a wild or rural area and want to avoid the malaria mosquito, it is extremely important to be more vigilant at night and use a natural mosquito repellent. You should be more aware of mosquitoes at this time and try to keep the inner windows and doors closed.
Malaria can be highly toxic, and if you are having symptoms of malaria (such as fever, cold shiver, fatigue, headache, etc.), see medical attention immediately and get appropriate treatment.
What Are the 4 Types of Malaria Fever?
Malaria fever can be of many types, depending on the types of malarial parasite commonly called Plasmodium. These are the main types of malarial fever:
- Vivix Malaria: This is the most common type of malaria and its fever usually comes at an interval of 48 hours. Apart from this, this malaria can remain in the form of fever for a long time.
- Falciparum Malaria: This malaria can be severe and can be life-threatening. Its febrile duration is 36–48 hours and is often acute and traumatic.
- Malaria ovale (Malariae Malaria): This malaria type is known as endemic malaria and its fever period comes at an interval of 72 hours. It is common for this type of malaria to persist in the form of fever for a long time.
- Malaria diamondii (Malariae Malaria): This is a very uncommon and severe form of malaria characterized by periods of fever at intervals of 72 hours. In this, there can be a round of fever in the patient’s body for a long time.
These are the main malaria fever types, and each type of malaria is treated and controlled by different drugs and therapy. Do not ignore the symptoms of Malaria and contact the relevant medical professional.
Where Does Malaria Mosquito Occur?
Malaria mosquito (Anopheles mosquito) is found in various land-parts, but its main prevalence is in warm and tropical regions.
- Africa: Malaria is most prevalent in Africa, where both vivax malaria and falciparum malaria are present. Africa accounts for the highest number of malaria patients with the highest severity and mortality.
- Southeast Asia: Malaria is also transmitted in Southeast Asia, where different types of malaria mosquitoes are found. Falciparum Malaria is mainly found here.
- South America: Malaria is also found in some areas of South America, where different types of malaria mosquitoes are present.
The risk of malaria may be less in places with the area coordinates given here, but there is a possibility, cases of fever can also be found in these places.
How can I recover from malaria faster?
- Avoid Mosquito: Use mosquito repellent cream to avoid getting infected by mosquito. Mosquitoes will not come near you by applying mosquito repellent. Make sure you are using a good quality mosquito repellent.
- Use a net: Use a cot (mosquito net) while sleeping at night. This will ensure that mosquitoes will not be able to reach you.
- Stay away from areas of infection: If you are in areas where malaria is prevalent, try to stay away from places where mosquito populations may be high.
- Build good health habits: Eat a healthy diet, get enough rest, and lead a healthy lifestyle to strengthen your body’s immune system. This will make you resistant to infection.
- Provide timely medical treatment if you have symptoms of malaria: If you have symptoms of malaria such as fever, chills, fatigue, malaise, and muscle pain, etc., to provide medical treatment when suspected Contact doctor immediately. should do.
Malaria is generally more prevalent in hot and tropical regions. Most of the natural transmission sites for malaria are water-logged or flooded conditions during the rainy season. Malaria mosquitoes are more active in seasonal months like summer and humidity.
Yes, malaria can spread from a pregnant woman to her baby. This is known as vertical transmission. When a malaria-infected woman is pregnant, malaria pathogens can reach the baby through the mosquito placenta. It can affect the organization and development of the child.