Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a hormone produced by the ovarian follicles that reflects the number of eggs remaining in a woman’s ovaries. Generally, there are no specific symptoms of low AMH, but if you notice any general symptoms like irregular periods, short cycles, poor response to ovarian stimulation, bad egg quality, or premature menopause.
- Irregular periods: Low AMH levels can lead to hormonal imbalances, causing irregular periods.
- Short cycles: Women with low AMH levels may experience shorter menstrual cycles due to poor egg quality and decreased ovarian function.
- Poor response to ovarian stimulation: Women with low AMH levels may have difficulty responding to fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- Bad egg quality: Low AMH levels can cause poor egg quality, leading to a decreased chance of conception and a higher risk of miscarriage.
- Premature menopause: Women with very low AMH levels may experience premature menopause, which is the cessation of menstrual periods before the age of 40.
Keep in mind that these symptoms are not noticeable if you are not conceiving naturally. Then you need to consult a fertility specialist.
Average AMH levels for women according to age
25 years old
30 years old
35 years old
40 years old
45 years old
50 years old
Depend on overall health but average 0.5 ng/ml below
Biological Ref Interval
- 0.17 – 7.37 4.0 ng/ml Interpretation (AMH Levels women under 35 years)
- High (often pcos) : 4.0 ng/ml
- Normal 1.5 – 4.0 4.0 ng/ml
- Low Normal Range 1.0 – 1.5 4.0 ng/ml
What is the reason for low AMH?
It is mentioned in detail here what the main reason is behind low AMH levels and how you can improve your AMH level naturally.
The reason for low AMH levels can vary and may include factors such as aging, genetics, endometriosis, smoking, certain medical conditions such as obesity, and some cancer treatments. In some cases, the cause may be unknown.
There is limited evidence that certain lifestyle changes can naturally improve AMH levels. These may include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or underweight can affect hormone levels and fertility. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise may help improve AMH levels.
- Reducing stress: Chronic stress can affect hormone levels and fertility. Practising stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises may help improve AMH levels.
- Getting enough sleep: Sleep plays a crucial role in regulating hormones. Getting enough quality sleep may help improve AMH levels.
- Taking certain supplements: Some studies suggest that taking supplements such as Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids may help improve AMH levels. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings.
It is important to note that while these lifestyle changes may be beneficial to overall health, they may not increase AMH levels in all cases.
What are the treatments for low AMH levels?
There are several treatments available for low AMH levels, depending on the underlying cause and the individual’s fertility goals. Here are some possible options:
- Fertility drugs: Fertility drugs such as clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins used to stimulate the ovaries and increase the number of eggs produced.
- In vitro fertilisation (IVF): IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology that involves retrieving eggs from the ovaries, fertilising them with sperm in a laboratory, and transferring the resulting embryos to the uterus.
- Donor eggs: If the ovaries are not producing enough eggs, donor eggs from a younger woman may be used in IVF.
- Ovarian rejuvenation: This is a newer experimental treatment that involves using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or stem cells to stimulate the ovaries and increase egg production.
- Lifestyle changes: As mentioned earlier, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep may help improve AMH levels naturally.
The effectiveness of all of these treatments can vary depending on a number of factors, such as age, overall health, and the severity of the low AMH levels. For more details, please consult your nearest doctor.
How Does Low Amh Affect Fertility?
Low AMH levels mean that a woman’s ovaries have fewer eggs available for fertilisation. This can make it harder to get pregnant, even with fertility treatments. Women with low AMH levels may also have a higher risk of miscarriage due to poor egg quality and may be at risk of premature menopause, which can cause infertility.
However, having low AMH levels does not necessarily mean that a woman is infertile, and other factors like age and overall health are also important in determining fertility. If you’re having trouble getting pregnant or have concerns about your fertility, it’s important to talk to a doctor or fertility specialist.
Yes, it is still possible to conceive with low AMH levels, but it may be more difficult. Low AMH levels may indicate a reduced number of eggs, but it does not necessarily mean that the quality of the eggs is poor.
There is some evidence to suggest that vitamin D may increase AMH levels, but talk to your doctor before taking any supplements to increase AMH levels.
There is no specific minimum AMH level required for IVF. But an AMH level between 1.0-4.0 ng/ml is considered a good level. However, women with low AMH levels may produce fewer eggs during an IVF cycle, which may affect their chances of success.
Low AmH does not necessarily mean that the quality of your eggs is poor. While a low AMH level may indicate a decrease in the number of eggs, it does not necessarily mean that the quality of the eggs is poor. Other factors, such as age and medical history, can also affect egg quality.
Some genetic factors contribute to low AMH levels, but more research is needed to fully understand the relationship. Other factors such as age and medical history can also affect AMH levels.