Acne This condition can occur at any age, but it is most common in teenagers. Almost everyone experiences. Acne, and even when the acne goes away, marks and scars remain. This article will help you understand the differences between these two conditions and what can be done to treat them.
Causes of acne marks and scars
Causes of Acne Marks
Inflammation causes acne marks, which are typically red or brown in color. They usually fade on their own in a matter of weeks to months.
Causes of acne scars
Scars caused by acne are indentations or raised areas on the skin caused by damage to the collagen. They are more permanent and may require treatment to improve their appearance.
Differences between acne marks and scars
Skin conditions such as acne scars and acne marks are often caused by acne. They can be similar in appearance but have different causes and treatments.
There are three basic types of acne marks: flat, brown, and red. Some creams can be applied to remove them, or they can disappear naturally on their own. Alternatively, acne scars can cause skin irregularities. In many cases, they remain permanent and are either raised or indented.
Treatment for Acne Marks and Scars
Treatment for acne marks and scars varies depending on the severity of the marks and the individual’s skin type.
- Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that help to promote cell turnover and improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Hydroquinone: The use of this product can reduce the appearance of acne-induced dark spots on the skin.
- Vitamin C is an antioxidant that may help brighten the skin and improve the appearance of acne scars and marks. You can apply serum and also take vitamin c tablet.
- Chemical peels: A solution is applied to the skin to exfoliate the top layers and improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Microdermabrasion: A procedure that uses a fine spray of crystals to remove the outermost layer of skin and improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Light therapy: This method uses light to target acne-causing bacteria and improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Fractional laser resurfacing: A laser is used to create thousands of tiny, deep columns in the skin, which trigger the body’s natural healing process and improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Ablative laser resurfacing: A laser is used to remove the top layers of skin, which can improve the appearance of acne marks and scars.
- Collagen-stimulating injectable fillers: These can be used to plump up depressed scars and improve their appearance.
- Corticosteroid injections: They can be used to reduce inflammation and improve the appearance of raised scars.
- Subcision: A procedure in which a small needle is used to release the fibrous bands that are pulling down on the skin, which can improve the appearance of acne scars.
- Punch excision: A procedure in which a small punch tool is used to remove individual acne scars.
- Punch elevation: A procedure in which a small punch tool is used to remove the base of the scar and elevate the surrounding skin to improve the appearance of the scar.
It’s important to consult a dermatologist or a skin care professional to determine the best treatment option for you. They will be able to evaluate your skin type, the severity of your acne marks and scars, and any other factors that may influence your treatment options.
Prevention of Acne Marks and Scars
1. Drink more water
Drinking 4 to 5 litres of water is good for your skin and overall health. You can get more benefits if you drink this water from a copper vessel or bottle.
2. Proper skin care
- Cleanse: Use a gentle, non-irritating cleanser twice a day to remove dirt and excess oil.
- Exfoliate: Use a gentle exfoliating product (like a face scrub or chemical exfoliant) once or twice a week to remove dead skin cells and promote cell turnover.
- Treat: Use products containing active ingredients like retinoids, vitamin C, or hydroquinone to target dark spots and promote an even skin tone.
- Moisturize: Use a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturiser to hydrate and protect the skin.
- Sun protection: Wear a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every day to protect the skin from sun damage.
- Avoiding picking or squeezing acne:
Keeping acne marks and scars away requires avoiding picking or squeezing them. Squeezing or picking acne can lead to inflammation and damage to the skin, resulting in acne marks.
- Avoid touching your face with dirty hands:
All the oil and debris on the hands and fingers can clog pores, which can lead to acne and leave behind acne scars or marks. Because of this, you should only use your hands while cleansing, moisturizing, or applying sunscreen to your face.
Topical treatments, light-based treatments, laser treatments, injections, and surgery can all be used to treat acne marks and scars. Your treatment options will depend on how severe your acne marks and scars are, as well as your skin type and other factors. Consult a dermatologist or skincare professional to determine the best treatment option.